Today, the world celebrates Hiroshima Day – a city that has become a symbol of the struggle for the prohibition of nuclear weapons. The terrible events of 1945, when a Japanese city of many thousands of residents was wiped out, will remain forever in the memory of mankind. Kazakhstanis also experienced the terrible consequences of nuclear weapons tests. Echoes of the largest nuclear test site in the world that was in the Semipalatinsk region of Kazakhstan are still heard. Several generations of the Kazakh people have experienced this "heritage" on themselves.
The closure of the Semipalatinsk nuclear test site took place on 29 August, 1991. This is one of the most famous peace initiatives of the First President of Kazakhstan Nursultan Nazarbayev, who forever secured the country's image of a state opposed to weapons of mass destruction. "The first state act of sovereign Kazakhstan sent a signal to the whole planet: our country is striving for a world free from nuclear threat," Elbassy recalls in his book "The Epoch of Independence".
The history of the Semipalatinsk test site, terrible evidence of the consequences of nuclear tests, as well as information about the contribution of Kazakhstan and Nursultan Nazarbayev personally to global security based on the renunciation of nuclear weapons are widely represented in the exposition of the Library of Elbassy "N. Nazarbayev - the leader of the global anti-nuclear movement".
The exposition is a complex of innovative multimedia technologies, the full range of archival materials, museum exhibits and book collections of the Library, as well as the results of the comprehensive research and collecting work of its employees are presented. Foreign awards of Nursultan Nazarbayev for contribution to nuclear disarmament and non-proliferation occupy a special place in the exhibition.
The integrity of the exhibition space is achieved by the conceptual solution – the use of the image of the "Mobius strip" in its basis. Conceptually, the Mobius strip means a continuous flow of time, which undergoes drastic changes in the critical epoch.
In 1992, Nursultan Nazarbayev signed the Lisbon Protocol. Kazakhstan joined the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty. On the initiative of the President on December 2, 2009, the 64th session of the UN General Assembly adopted a resolution, which was put forward by Kazakhstan declaring August 29 as International Day against Nuclear Tests. At the international dialogue platforms, Nursultan Nazarbayev comes up with several initiatives, one of which is the adoption of the Universal Declaration of a Nuclear-free World.
During the 4th Nuclear Security Summit in Washington in spring 2016, Nursultan Nazarbayev spoke among the key speakers of the plenary session on the global nuclear security architecture. At the Carnegie Endowment Summit, he presented the Manifesto "Peace. XXI century", which attracted the attention of wide public circles of the world to the anti-nuclear initiatives of Kazakhstan. « Peace. XXI century" is a fundamentally new global anti-nuclear platform for action in the long term. These initiatives of Elbassy are highly appreciated all over the world.
In November 2016, N. Nazarbayev visited the city of Hiroshima. He met with residents of the city and visited the Peace Memorial Park. On the same day, he was awarded the special title of "Special Honorary Citizen of Hiroshima".
"Being here in Hiroshima, having seen the full horror of the consequences of the atomic bomb explosion, I urge the leaders of the world to abandon nuclear tests, to prevent a recurrence of the atomic tragedy," Nursultan Nazarbayev said, addressing the entire world community once again.