BOOK COLLECTION OF THE LIBRARY OF ELBASSY. THE SECOND TEACHER

The seven-volume edition covers the works of the outstanding thinker and philosopher Abu Nasr al-Farabi, whose 1150th anniversary Kazakhstan will celebrate this year. The valuable collection was prepared and published by the Abai International Club in the series "Thinkers of the world" for the anniversary of the great scientist, who was nicknamed "the second teacher" after Aristotle. The purpose of the publication is to preserve, study and promote Kazakhstan's cultural heritage.

Abu Nasr al-Farabi was born in 870 in one of the largest cities in Central Asia at that time - Farab, now a settlement in the Otyrar district of the Turkestan region of Kazakhstan. His works had a great influence on many scientists, as well as on the development of philosophy and science in medieval Europe. Traveling through the cities of Central Asia, al-Farabi improved his knowledge. He visited the cities of Shash (Tashkent), Samarkand, Bukhara, and Iran: Isfahan, Rhea (Tehran), Damascus, and Cairo, where he worked and continued to study. The scientist left a rich scientific legacy - about 200 treatises on astronomy, astrology, mathematics, logic, music, medicine, natural science, sociology, linguistics, poetry, and philosophy.

The Farabi book collection is presented in Kazakh and Russian languages. One volume was released in English. The author of the preface to the book "Virtuous city" was the President of the Republic of Kazakhstan Kassym-Zhomart Tokayev: "Al-Farabi is a milestone on the path of humanity's striving for perfection. The Kazakh people honor al-Farabi, ranking him among the pantheon of the best sons of mankind both in the middle ages and in the current accelerated XXI century. The caravan of the great sons of East and West, and today, follows along with humanity, harmonizing and supporting it. Their works, written thousands of years ago, are especially necessary for us today". Director-General of UNESCO Audrey Azoulay and public figure Rolland Seisenbaev shared their views on the importance of al-Farabi for humanity.  

The first book of the collection contains "A Treatise on the Views of the Residents of a Virtuous City". This is an analysis of a number of public, social, and ethical issues. Al-Farabi reveals the theme of the formation of the state, reflects on the abilities of the human soul, the causes of dreams, justice, humility, and ignorant cities. The first volume reveals the further influence of al-Farabi on the worldview of scientists and philosophers.

In the second book - Philosophical Treatises, the introduction is written by the editorial board "Philosophical Views of al-Farabi" (B. M. Kedrov, Sh. E. Yesenov, A. Kh. Kasymzhanov). This work presents the Second Teacher’s discussions on the meanings of the word intellect, on the common views of Plato and Aristotle, on the classification of sciences, on the natural and divine sciences, on civil science, jurisprudence, and dogmatic theology.  

The third volume is "Social and ethical treatises". This book includes the following works of the thinker: "Directions to happiness", "Civil policy", "Aphorisms of a statesman", "On achieving happiness".

The fourth volume of the "Big book about music" is "the result of great work and talent, the fruit of al-Farabi's entire life" - this is how academician and philosopher M. Burabayev speaks about this work of the scientist. "This is a synthetic and encyclopedic work that covers the problems of the theory of knowledge, logic, aesthetics, poetry, pedagogy, anatomy, mathematics, physics, acoustics, instrumentalism, etc.  "The great book of music" is not only the largest work of al-Farabi but also one of the most valuable spiritual monuments of the past, where important methodological problems of science and art are broadly touched upon," writes academician Burabayev.  

Al-Farabi's work is extremely versatile. The fifth volume of the book collection "Natural science treatises" includes 16 works of the scientist that were not included in the main publication of his works in the 70s and 80s in Almaty. As noted by academician M. Burabayev, this collection of works by al-Farabi will contribute to a more in-depth study of his rich heritage, a correct understanding of the natural-scientific and philosophical concepts of the thinker.

The sixth book is "The book of letters". This work occupies a special place among the works of al-Farabi. According to the scientist, translator Klara Tadjikova, he is a "comprehensive" book on the metaphysics by al-Farabi. The treatise, which was published in Beirut in 1969, is extensive in scope and universal in content and has three large sections. Each section has its own subject of research: metaphysics and its categories, philosophical problems of language, and questions concerning the use of interrogative particles in syllogistic arts. The great scientific value of the book is that it is a commentary on Aristotle's "Metaphysics".

The seventh volume is "The book of the mind". This book is dedicated to his work and role in the history of culture," said at the beginning of the article by B. Gafurov and A. Kasymzhanov "Al-Farabi in the history of culture", which completes the seventh book of the collection. The illustrations for the seven-volume edition were the works of famous Kazakh artists - N. Bube and A. Akanaev.  

Among the first readers is a young citizen of the capital Kalmen Bizhanov: "We arrived on an excursion to the Library of Elbassy and saw a lot of old and rare books and exhibits. The new collection with the works of al-Farabi is also very valuable. I had a desire to study more deeply the life of the great ancient thinker. He was born and raised in ancient Otrar, al-Farabi was our ancestor, who became known throughout the world, thanks to his scientific works. All Kazakhstanis should know about him and his works."