The scientific collection "On the way to a nuclear-free world: initiatives of Elbassy" reveals the contribution of Kazakhstan to strengthening global nuclear security through the prism of initiatives of Elbassy N. Nazarbayev to create a nuclear-weapon-free zone. The book was prepared by the creative group of scientists of the Library of Elbassy under the scientific supervision of Doctor of political science, Professor M. B. Kasymbekov.
On August 6, 1945, the United States dropped the first atomic bomb on the Japanese city of Hiroshima, August 29, 2018, in Nur-Sultan, opened the monument "Beibitshilik kabyrgasy", dedicated to the history of the Semipalatinsk test site and the struggle of Kazakhstan against nuclear weapons - this is the first and last dates called in the collection. And between these dates is placed a huge story, telling readers about the creation of nuclear weapons in the USSR under the leadership of I. Kurchatov, about the choice of the desert steppes of the Kazakh SSR near the city of Semipalatinsk for testing, about ordinary Kazakhstanis, on whose land these terrible explosions began to occur. In 1947, the construction of the site was started, and for many years this place was not marked on any geographical maps. On August 29, 1949, the first test of nuclear weapons in the USSR was carried out, and they lasted for more than 40 years.
In 1989, the anti-nuclear movement "Nevada Semipalatinsk" began, as a result of which the number of explosions decreased, which is covered in great detail in the book. This was only the beginning of the struggle to close the site. There was a need for some force that could fight back against the military-industrial complex of the USSR and close the test site forever. This force was the energetic actions to deter nuclear tests of the Chairman of the Council of Ministers of the Kazakh SSR N. Nazarbayev. On August 29, 1991, the Decree "On closing the Semipalatinsk nuclear test site" was signed. The elimination of the test site ended the period of nuclear testing, but the damage to human health and ecology is enormous.
The next step of Kazakhstan was the removal of nuclear weapons from the country's territory. Kazakhstan has gained the status of a nuclear-free state. Kazakhstan was one of the first countries in the CIS to join the Treaty on the non-proliferation of nuclear weapons (NPT) and the comprehensive nuclear-test-ban Treaty (CTBT). Documents from the personal archive of the First President of the Republic of Kazakhstan - Elbassy with his personal notes, as well as materials from the collections of the Library of Elbassy on this topic are of great interest.
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