The third, revised and expanded edition «The Great Steppe in ancient and Byzantine sources» supplemented the book collection of the Library of Elbassy. This is the most extensive collection of information of ancient and Byzantine sources about the peoples of the Eurasian steppe and their neighbors from the 12th century BC to the 15th century AD. Its compiler and editor is a famous Turkologist, Doctor of Philology, Professor Alexander Garkavets.
The book "The Great Steppe in ancient and Byzantine sources" includes materials of ancient Greek, Latin and Byzantine authors about the Great Steppe. According to Alexander Nikolaevich, to create this collection, he went over almost 500 authors, studied about 2.5 thousand works in these languages and in translations in European languages. A selection of 500 works by more than 150 authors was made. The 2019 edition is the third publication of the collection "The Great Steppe in ancient and Byzantine sources", which this time has been significantly revised and supplemented. It is worth noting that the book was included in the list of socially significant literature.
On the pages of the collection, you can find information about the Great Steppe from the writings of ancient historians, geographers, writers, and statesmen who wrote in Greek and Latin, among them are Aeschylus, Sophocles, Plato, Aristotle, Demosthenes, and many others. For example, here are fragments of the "History" of Herodotus, where the Greek historian gives a description of Asia: "It was ridiculous to see how many people drew maps of the earth, although none of them could even correctly explain the outlines of the earth. They represented the Ocean flowing around the earth, which was round, as if drawn by a compass. And they considered Asia to be equal to Europe. Therefore, I will briefly describe the size of both parts of the world and what shape each has." About the Caspian Sea: "This is a very special kind of sea being in length a fifteen days' voyage for a rowing-boat; and in breadth, where it is widest, an eight days' voyage." It also gives a detailed description of the relationship and then the war between Massaget Queen Tomiris and Persian king Cyrus.
The compiler of the collection Alexander Garkavets is the author of 20 books and more than 140 scientific articles. His works are devoted to ancient and modern Kipchak languages (Kuman-Polovtsian, Armenian-Kipchak, Urumi), Kipchak written monuments, the development of Turkic languages in terms of their interaction with other languages; language policy, language contacts. Alexander Nikolaevich is the owner of a number of awards, including the Presidential Peace and Spiritual Consent Award, the A. Makarenko Medal, and the Tarlan Prize. The collection "The Great Steppe in ancient and Byzantine sources" is of great interest to a wide range of readers, especially for scientists and specialists engaged in research of the ancient and medieval history of the Great Steppe and its neighboring regions.
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