August 15 is the birthday of the famous Kazakh composer Shamshi Kaldayakov. He was born in 1930 in Kyzylkum district of South Kazakhstan region (Temirlanovka village, Syrdarya region, Kazakh ASSR, RSFSR).
At birth, he was given the name Zhamshid, but they called him Shamshi, and later recorded it in the documents. His father was a blacksmith by profession, and akyn (poet) by a vocation of the soul. He performed songs of his composition, accompanying them with playing the dombra. His mother was also gifted with singing talent. Therefore, the love of music and folk songs were passed on to his son by inheritance. Shamshi continued his family traditions from his youth. He sang at folk celebrations, participated in creative competitions, receiving honorary awards. He could reproduce all the melodies that he heard, but often he improvised and already in his youth began to compose the first songs.
During the war years, he worked as a boy on a tractor, and then entered the Kaplanbek zoo veterinary College in Saryagash. After graduating from technical school in 1950, he was sent to work as a zoo technician in Aktobe region. There the young specialist was remembered for a remarkable fact, in the hungry post-war years, he distributed to the residents of the village a part of the accountable flock with the condition that when there is an offspring, they will return everything. Thanks to him, many in the village were saved from starvation. However, he did not escape persecution. If the whole world had not defended the young man, it is not known how his fate would have turned out.
Kaldayakov served in Sakhalin, returned from the army and entered the Tashkent Music College in 1955, but did not graduate from it. He moved to Alma-Ata and in 1956 entered the conservatory, where he studied in the composition class of Professor V.V. Velikanova. That year the 26-year-old composer wrote his first patriotic song "My Kazakhstan" to the words of 21-year-old poet Zhumeken Najimedenov. The song was soon picked up by the whole country. It was even called "March of tselliniks". Nevertheless, its significance for the country was greater than the connection with the short history of Tselina. The huge success and growing popularity of the young songwriter influenced his studies. He was expelled for a paradoxical reason - for allegedly wrong harmony. Further, the author of known songs was not accepted in the official organization of composers. In Moscow, Kaldayakov's candidacy was rejected three times for a formal reason - lack of musical education.
However, Shamshi Kaldayakov had the signs of official recognition of the popularity. In 1965, when the whole country knew the songs of Kaldayakov, he received the prestigious Lenin Komsomol Prize. He became an honored worker of culture of the republic in the year of his half-century anniversary. The composer was officially named the People's Artist of the country at the age of 60, although in fact he was one of them for more than a decade.
Shamshi Kaldayakov was one of those composers and performers who started the Kazakh bandstand. Dozens of years it was formed under his influence, his special school was formed, which still exists today. From the first works his originality and peculiarity have revealed - a combination of waltz motifs and folk songs was shown. The songs were so natural and memorable that they were immediately sung by the country. For the young people of 60-70 years of the twentieth century, he was the same idol as foreign celebrities. Domestic performers took his songs to the top because they knew that they all became hits. He wrote soft and melodic songs without any visible effort. According to the memories of Shamshi Kaldayakov's entourage, he could be alone for a while and come back with a ready-made song, which in a couple of weeks will be sung in the country.
"King of the Kazakh Waltz" is what they called him at that time. Moreover, this popular recognition is more expensive than official regalia.
In addition, the song "My Kazakhstan", which started the fame, awaited a remarkable fate. During the December events of 1986, Kazakh youths sang this patriotic song on the square in Almaty, which 20 years later, in 2006, was officially approved by the national anthem of independent Kazakhstan.
President Nursultan Nazarbayev initiated the adoption of the new anthem. At a joint session of the chambers of Parliament on January 6, where the draft Constitutional Law "On Amendments to the Decree of the President of the Republic of Kazakhstan, which has the force of the Law of the Republic of Kazakhstan "On State Symbols of the Republic of Kazakhstan" was considered. The deputies were read out a letter of the Head of State that the current anthem is not popular among the people of Kazakhstan, and the song "My Kazakhstan" is more popular. "The hymn should express the idea that the wealth of Kazakhstan's land and people opens the way to a better future for our descendants," the President said in his letter. Based on the fact that the song "My Kazakhstan" has been recognized as the national anthem of the country for long time, N.A. Nazarbayev proposed to approve this status officially, with minor changes in the lyrics. Elbassy made amendments to the text personally.
Shamshi Kaldayakov was seriously ill at the end of his life and died at the age of 61.
The streets in Almaty, Aktobe, Shymkent and Nur-Sultan are named after Kaldayakov. In 2006, a monument was erected to him in Shymkent on the street named after him. In 2010, on the 80th anniversary of the famous fellow citizen, the whole complex “Shamshi World” was built in the center of Shymkent. A village in the Kargalinsky district of the Aktobe region is named after Shamshi Kaldayakov. The South Kazakhstan Regional Philharmonic Society and a music school in the village of Shaulder are named after the composer. In 1991, a documentary was shot about Kayaldakov "Zhyldary menin, zhyrlary menin." Nevertheless, the performers of songs preserve the liveliest memory since 1992. A contest has been held in the country, which today has become the International Song Festival named after Shamshi Kaldayakova “My Kazakhstan”. Performers from Russia, Uzbekistan, China, Iran, and Kyrgyzstan participate in it.
Composer Shamshi Kaldayakov continues to live in songs with his people and country.
The book fund of the Library of Elbassy contains collections of songs by S.Kaldayakov and biographical publications dedicated to the composer: “Shamshі Kaldayakov. Bakyt kushagynda. A’nderin tolyk zhinag’i ”(2006),“Shamshі Kaldayaқov. A’nder zhinag’i ”(2010),“Shamshі Kaldayaқov – A’n patshasy” (2012),“ Ma’ngilik o’lmeytugyn a’n kaldyrg’an. Shamshі Kaldayaқov turaly estelikter” (2007).
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