THE INITIATIVE OF ELBASSY, WHICH PRESERVED THE PAST AND THE PRESENT

On the 10th anniversary of the signing of the Treaty on the Establishment of the Eurasian Economic Community (EurAsEC) on October 10, 2000.

The new model of statehood of Independent Kazakhstan is based on the philosophy of the deep words of the student of Socrates and the teacher of Aristotle, the ancient Greek philosopher Plato "Politics is the art of living together". In the historical chronology of successful political and economic concepts of the modern world, the project of Eurasian integration of the First President of Kazakhstan – Elbassy Nursultan Nazarbayev has become one of the global scenarios for constructive interaction of world civilizations.

The hypostasis of equal partnership for the welfare and prosperity of their peoples, voiced by the First President of Kazakhstan – Elbassy N. Nazarbayev in 1994, laid the foundations for long-term effective trade and economic cooperation between the states of the Eurasian Union. The scale of thinking and foresight of the political leader of young Independent Kazakhstan introduced conceptual refraction and opened a new page in the history of the Eurasian concept.

In program documents and speeches, Nursultan Abishevich outlined the key mission of the initiative – the post-Soviet countries can and have significant opportunities to take worthy positions among the world's leading economies.

The search for consensus mechanisms and step-by-step actions for long-term effective trade and economic cooperation has been meticulously and carefully worked out for six years. The fact that the sovereign and equal subjects of international law Belarus, Kazakhstan, Russia, Tajikistan and Kyrgyzstan concluded the Treaty on the Establishment of the Eurasian Economic Community (EurAsEC) in Kazakhstan (Astana) on October 10, 2000, is significant.

At each stage of a large-scale interstate project, Nursultan Abishevich presented fundamentally new initiatives for effective Eurasian integration. The implementation of large-scale macroeconomic international projects, not on paper, but in practice, allowed the EurAsEC to obtain observer status at the UN General Assembly (2003).  The strategies and tactics of the countries were developed in regulating the issues of the fuel and energy coalition (2005), grain supplies to the community markets (2005), a mutual visa-free regime for citizens (2006), the Anti-Crisis Fund was established, the EurAsEC High Technologies Center was established, and the concepts of food security and the creation of the Eurasian innovation system were approved (2009). The strategic vision of the political leaders of the international economic organization contributed to the formation of the Customs Union (2010) and the Common Economic Space (2012).

In 2013, the Supreme Eurasian Economic Council unanimously supported the proposal of Nursultan Nazarbayev on the expediency of abolishing the EurAsEC in connection with the creation of the Eurasian Economic Union of Russia, Belarus and Kazakhstan.

A few months before the signing of the Treaty on the Establishment of the Eurasian Economic Union in Astana on May 29, 2014 (EAEU), Nursultan Abishevich said: "The construction of our economic union is not rigid dogma. We have many complex challenges ahead of us. Integration choice is not a "magic wand" and does not guarantee miracles. Only time has an exceptional gift of persuasion. The experience of the two decades that have passed since I announced the idea of Eurasian integration confirms this...".

Economic pragmatism and mutual benefit, voluntarism and equality in decision-making have become the value principles of the integration processes of the new model of synergy among the sovereign states of EAEU.  

In December 2019, at a meeting of the Supreme Eurasian Economic Council (SEEC) in St. Petersburg, the First President of Kazakhstan - Elbassy N.Nazarbayev represented our country.

Opening the meeting, President of the Russian Federation Vladimir Vladimirovich Putin addressed the First President of Kazakhstan Nursultan Abishevich: "I would like to express my gratitude to our honorary Chairman of the Supreme Eurasian Economic Council, who initiated the creation of this Association. The EEU is functioning in the best possible way. We are glad to welcome You in this new capacity in Saint Petersburg."

On the agenda of the meeting (SEEC) is a discussion of a new vision of interstate cooperation - the draft "Strategy for the Development of Eurasian Economic Integration until 2025 ". The partnership format indicated the need to accelerate many key projects, including the development of a common payment space, regulation of customs transit of goods, building up production potential and investment interaction, bringing goods and services to foreign markets and increasing the EAEU share in the global international trade market.

A new direction of cooperation is the transformation of traditional economies and the formation of the digital space of the EAEU. The paradigm of industry 4.0 and new technologies of the millennium rightly make adjustments and determine the priorities of economic relations.

Experts note the need to develop digital ecosystems, a single information system for product labeling and an enabling environment for e-commerce.  A civilized business needs timely and accessible information about the product lifecycle (manufacturer – delivery - operation – maintenance). The introduction of such technologies contributes to the competitiveness of giants-enterprises and small and medium-sized businesses of the EAEU countries in the global market of world partnership.  

Continuity in the policy of "integration of the union into the world economic architecture" is preserved. Organizing dialogue platforms with leading regional economic associations and international organizations, conducting diplomatic consultations with countries that share the EAEU goals. China is an important trade and economic partner in the Asia-Pacific region. The point of interaction is the large-scale project "One belt, one road".

The experts identified more than 320 mutually advantageous business cooperation positions agreed upon by the countries, which are aimed primarily at improving the quality of life of the citizens of the EEA countries. They, as 20 years ago, contain the main theses of the historical initiative of Nursultan Abishevich: "...we understand each other, we have a cultural community, we have historically common roots, we have businesses that complement each other. Let's not lose this powerful advantage."