PERSONALITY. ERA. CONTINUITY.

The Republican newspaper "EGEMEN QAZAQSTAN", №. 54 (29783) March 19, Thursday, 2020.

PERSONALITY. ERA. CONTINUITY.

The day of March 19, 2019, came into the life of the Kazakh people and the entire world community as one of the most significant and memorable dates in the history of our country.

As you know, since December 1, 1991, in national elections the people of Kazakhstan have always unanimously cast their votes for Nursultan Nazarbayev, making a choice in favor of stability and sustainable political and economic development. It should be noted that each voter cast his vote based on the results of the work carried out by Nursultan Abishevich for the development of the state, improving the welfare of the people.  In turn, the trust of the people gave Elbassy inexhaustible energy and strength to implement important projects, the inspiration for new and unique ideas. 

     Over the years of independence, Kazakhstan under the leadership of Elbassy managed to overcome great difficulties and build its unique path to stability and prosperity.  The First President Nursultan Nazarbayev laid a solid foundation for peace and tranquility, national unity and social harmony.         

Thanks to the energy and leadership of Elbassy, a new state was created and a new capital of the country was built, which today honorably bears the name of its founder and chief architect N. Nazarbayev. The most important thing during the years of the revival of the unified state – the First President was able to lay the Foundation for a new nation aspiring to success and prosperity. The people and Elbassy became fully unified concepts.

Exactly a year ago, the founder of Kazakhstan's statehood, the First President of the Republic of Kazakhstan - Elbassy Nursultan Abishevich Nazarbayev made an unprecedented historical decision that has no analogues in the world. He voluntarily resigned as the Head of state. 

Elbassy once again demonstrated his political wisdom and foresight. This was proof of his commitment to consistent strategic principles of continuity and stability in the development of the state.

In his Address to the people of Kazakhstan dated March 19, 2019, N.Nazarbayev said: "All these years you supported me in all elections, supported my initiatives. It was the great honor of serving my great people, my native country. Many thanks to you - my people and deepest gratitude. Thanks to this support, I worked hard, sparing no effort, energy, health, and time to justify this trust."

If we look at history, we will see that not all the leaders of the republics of the former Soviet Union after gaining independence managed to lead the country on the path of development and progress. Some failed to hold out one presidential term. Moreover, not to mention prosperity, they on the contrary led people to discord, which had resulted in conflicts and clashes and then a deep crisis.   

The First President of Kazakhstan, Nursultan Nazarbayev, managed not only to revive the national, patriotic spirit of the people, to revive statehood, but also to make a huge contribution to the solution of global problems in the international space. It is known that for each Head of state the burden of responsibility is difficult even during the period of one presidential term. The Great Era of nearly 30 years of leadership for Nursultan Nazarbayev, which opened up independent Kazakhstan to the world and future generations, preserved an entire country for descendants, was also not easy.

What they were for the First President, exactly characterize the lines from his book "Era of Independence": "The era of independence is a bold ascent of the nation with dangerous mountain paths that hanging over the abyss, to heights that previously seemed unattainable. We conquered them. I have seen many things over the years. There were many difficulties and worries, sleepless nights and difficult, hard workdays. I have met with major politicians who influenced and continue to influence the fate of entire states, with people who have made decisions on which the shape of the modern world depended."

The phenomenon of Elbassy, an indicator of his global scale as a statesman, is the fact that Nursultan Nazarbayev, having won the absolute trust of the Kazakh people five times, worked tirelessly, sparing no effort, energy, health, and time in the name of building the state.

Studying the activities of Elbassy, we realize that 30 years of his leadership are comparable to the "Golden age" in the history of the Kazakh people – the period of Tauke Khan. The Kazakhs say about this period in the life of the state: "Qoı ústіnde boztorǵaı jumyrtqalaǵan zaman" (calm, halcyon period).

The fateful decision to resign from the presidency once again demonstrated the deep wisdom and sanity of the outstanding political figure of our time, Nursultan Nazarbayev.

Numerous responses, letters, and messages on this historical moment in the life of Kazakhstan's society always emphasize the role of the First President of the Republic of Kazakhstan – Elbassy N. Nazarbayev in creating a strong and prosperous state.

The President of the Russian Federation Vladimir Putin wrote: "... I recently discovered another quality of President Nursultan Nazarbayev. He can be a sentimental person in certain situations. This means that he has not lost his human qualities. And this means a lot to me, it is a very good characteristic of a person. He is decent and honest! When discussing a problem with him, I have recorded it many times: he always thinks how will this affect the average person? How will people feel this in their life, in the life of their family? It is as if he puts it on himself and his family. He is part of his people. For Kazakhstan, Nursultan Nazarbayev is a historically unique figure."

The President of the People's Republic of China XI Jinping wrote the following about Elbassy: "You are the founder of Kazakhstan and the Leader of the nation, who enjoys the support of all the people of Kazakhstan. For 30 years under Your leadership, the people of Kazakhstan, overcoming incredible difficulties, created an independent, democratic, prosperous, rich and strong Republic of Kazakhstan. I am sure that Kazakhstan will continue to develop steadily in accordance with the political course defined by You, achieving new successes."

The President of the United States of America Donald Trump also highly appreciated the contribution of N. Nazarbayev: "Congratulations on a historic moment for your country. After nearly 30 years in office, you leave behind a long and successful legacy as your country's chief executive, and I applaud your decision to invoke constitutional procedure for an orderly transition. Your visit to the White House last year was an important step in deepening cooperation between the United States and Kazakhstan."

Fair assessments are reflected in each of the stages of state construction during the years when N. Nazarbayev was the President of the country.

Despite the fact that a year has passed since the historic event, every citizen of Kazakhstan still feels the personal involvement in it with a sense of special gratitude to the President. It is impossible to capture and convey the volume of sincere wishes and gratitude that our compatriots express to the First President. The importance of this historic decision not only for the fate of Kazakhstanis but also for world politics will become clearer every year. That makes sense because we are already seeing the interest of neighboring states in the possibility of using Kazakhstan's experience of peaceful transit.

At the same time, the decision on voluntary resignation by the Head of state, to whom Kazakhstanis entrusted for many years their destinies, caused many people to feel anxiety about the future. Of course, they can be understood because they all connected their lives and the future of their children with the First President of Kazakhstan. Clearly understanding this, Elbassy in his Address to the people on March 19, 2019, dispelled all doubts, relying on the Constitution, which was adopted on his initiative a quarter of a century ago. "The issue of succession of power in Kazakhstan has been resolved constitutionally. In case of early termination of the powers of the current President, his powers pass to the Chairman of the Senate until the end of the election term. Then the election of a new President will take place," N. Nazarbayev said. 

At the extraordinary XIX Congress of the Nur Otan party, its leader, Nursultan Nazarbayev, on behalf of the party suggested Kasym-Jomart Tokayev for the upcoming Presidential elections in Kazakhstan.

At this Congress, Elbassy stressed that he considers Kassym-Jomart Tokayev the most worthy candidate for the highest position in the country today. He also noted that his diplomatic experience and work as the UN Deputy Secretary-General in this global structure are highly appreciated. Along with achievements in the diplomatic sphere, Nursultan Nazarbayev noted that K. Tokayev also has a wealth of experience in public administration, in particular, leading the government of Kazakhstan in the most difficult times, after the Asian crisis in 1998, he participated in the economic recovery.

          In this regard, we note that along with the resignation of the presidential powers, Nursultan Nazarbayev laid the foundation for continuity, which will multiply the achievements of Kazakhstan since independence. Thus, in order to continue further work on Kazakhstan's entry into the top 30 most developed countries in the world, Elbassy nominated Kasym-Jomart Tokayev as a person who knows all the processes taking place in the country and has a lot of practical experience. The elections of June 9, 2019, confirmed the correctness of the choice of Elbassy – the Kazakh people elected K. Tokayev as the President of the country.

At present, we see that the words spoken by Kassym-Jomart Tokayev during his inauguration are being implemented:"... We must admit that our citizens voted to support the strategic course of Elbassy. Nursultan Nazarbayev has created a recognized model of development in the world, achieved global recognition of the blue banner of Kazakhstan. These days I receive many letters from my compatriots. Citizens are united by one wish - further strengthening of the strategy of Elbassy. Such requests are sound and logical, as modern and developed Kazakhstan is primarily his merit. Elbassy is a great personality who founded our state. The invaluable experience and knowledge of the First President - Elbassy will be essential to our people and used for the benefit of our country. It is our duty to honor his colossal work as the Founding Father of our state, an outstanding statesman, and a person of historical significance."

Also, Head of state Kassym-Jomart Tokayev in his Address to the people of Kazakhstan, at forums and meetings, always emphasizes that he will maintain political continuity and the course to implement the reforms and strategy of Elbassy for the benefit of the country's Independence and its further development. This indicates that the work on implementing the strategic tasks outlined by the First President continues. 

          We add that in his historic Address to the people on March 19, 2019, Elbassy said: "... I stay with you. The concerns of the country and people remain my concerns." Note that these words of Elbassy have a regulatory framework. According to the constitutional law "On the First President of the Republic of Kazakhstan - Elbassy", by virtue of his historical mission, he has the right to address the people of Kazakhstan, state bodies and officials with initiatives on the most important issues of state construction, internal and foreign policy and security of the country, which are subject to mandatory consideration by the relevant state bodies and officials, to address the Parliament, the Government of Kazakhstan, to head the Security Council and the Assembly of the People of Kazakhstan, as well as the right to be a life member of the Constitutional Council. In addition, Nursultan Nazarbayev is the Chairman of the country's largest political party "Nur Otan".

It should be noted that along with the institution of the presidency, the basis of which was laid by the First President, N. Nazarbayev began to exercise special powers as the Leader of the Nation.

Elbassy is also actively engaged in foreign policy issues. He participates in meetings of international organizations of which the Republic of Kazakhstan is a member, and holds official meetings with foreign heads of state. In particular, over the past year, he took part in meetings of the Eurasian Economic Union, the Council of Turkic-Speaking countries, the Shanghai Cooperation Organization, as well as in the enthronization of Emperor of Japan Naruhito. In addition, the recent meeting of Elbassy with the President of Russia in Moscow brought the Kazakh-Russian cooperation to a new level.

The well-coordinated and harmonious interaction of the First President N. Nazarbayev as a national leader with high authority among the people and the elected President K. Tokaev for the benefit of strengthening the Independence of Kazakhstan, resembles a model of government in the times of the outstanding Kazakh khans - Kerey and Zhanibek - the founders of the Kazakh Khanate.

Summing up, we note that the past year since the adoption of the President's historic decision showed that over the years of Independence a solid system of political governance has been laid in our country, traditions of succession are preserved. Our duty is to ensure the further development of the country, while not forgetting the words of Elbassy: "We are moving in the right direction, and nothing can lead us off the right path. If we are strong, we will be regarded. If we hope for a miracle or rely on others, we will lose what we have achieved."   

Amerkhan Rakhimzhanov,

Director of the Library of the First President

of the Republic Of Kazakhstan – Elbassy,

Doctor of Political Science, Professor