PROJECT "RÝHANI JAŃǴYRÝ: MÁŃGILIK EL ALYPTARY". MUKHTAR AUEZOV

 

This year marks the 122nd anniversary of the great Kazakh classic writer, scientist, and playwright Mukhtar Auezov.

Mukhtar Auezov was born on September 28, 1897, in the village of Borili, Abai district, East Kazakhstan region. His father Omarkhan died in 1900, and his mother Nurzhamal - in 1912. Mukhtar, who lost his parents, was brought up by his relative Kasymbek. Later Mukhtar, who was educated in the madrasa of Hazret Kamaliddin in Semipalatinsk, was sent to a five-grade Russian school. Studying in the last grade, Mukhtar writes his first essay "Daýyl".

From a young age, Mukhtar Auezov, a public figure, teacher, writer, translator, constantly searching, continuously replenishing his knowledge, worked tirelessly in the field of literature until the end of his life. He took an example from the Western, Eastern classics, great democrats of the Kazakh people. Abai had a huge positive impact on the development of the art of the word.

In the 1912-1913 academic year, Mukhtar graduated with honors from the first grade of the teachers' Seminary. In 1919, Mukhtar, aspiring to science and knowledge, graduated from Semipalatinsk Pedagogical Seminary. Young Auezov attracted the attention of teachers with impeccable taste, unusual talent, gentle character, elegant appearance and beautiful physique, inherent in aristocrats. Among other things, he played in the first city football team "Yarysh".  

In 1917, in the Yurt of Abai's wife Aigerim, the first play written by Mukhtar Auezov, "Enlik-Kebek", was staged in front of the audience. Thus, Abay’s grandchildren and close relatives of the author of the play watched the first stage play of the writer’s work.

In 1921, the magazine "Red Kazakhstan", under the pseudonym Argyn, published the first work of art by Mukhtar Omarkhanovich "Day of the defenseless". The work, which became the evidence of the successful undertaking of the writer, skillfully, in the spirit of the time, reflected the unsightly image of the old life, contributed to the formation and prosperity of Kazakh prose. Mukhtar in 1921-1926 published his works magazines "Red Kazakhstan", "Sholpan", "Sana", "Tan", the newspaper "Kazakh tili" under the pseudonyms Argyn, Zhayausal, Konyr, Aigak. Among them are "Reading citizen," "Young hearts", "Minion of Time", "Bloody night", "Old epidemic." In addition to these stories, the plays "Enlik-Kebek", "Baibishe, tokal" were published.

In 1923, Mukhtar Auezov entered the philological faculty of Leningrad State University and graduated in 1928. In 1928-30, he did post-graduate studies at the Eastern faculty of the Central Asian University. In the following years, he taught at the Kazakh Pedagogical Institute, the Kazakh State University.

Pursuing research, pedagogical and social activities, he was appointed professor, doctor, academician of the Academy of Sciences of the Kazakh SSR. He was a Head and opponent of defenders about 22 doctoral and master's theses in Philology, a member of the Board of the Soviet Writers' Union, of the Union of Writers of Kazakhstan.

        

His two-volume novel "The Path of Abai" entered the "Library of world literature" and was translated into 27 languages.

"The Path of Abai" is a world-famous epic novel by Mukhtar Auezov. This work brought Kazakh fiction to the classical level, becoming one of the best works of world literature. In his epic novel Mukhtar Auezov with encyclopedic accuracy described the life and customs of the Kazakh people of the XIX century, its spiritual way of life and national character. The famous French poet and prose writer Louis Aragon called this work one of the best works of the XX century.

The epic novel consists of two books. Each of them is divided into two more books. The first book of the epic "Abai" was published in 1942, and the second "The Path of Abai" - in 1956. In 1948, the novel (1-2 books) was awarded the Stalin Award, and in 1959, after the completion of the book, it was awarded the Lenin Award.

Mukhtar Auezov, who worked fruitfully in the field of culture and literature, was awarded the State Award for the novel "Abai" in 1949, and the Lenin Award for the novel "The path of Abay" in 1959. He was twice awarded the Order of Red Banner of Labor, once the Order of Lenin. He was a member of the Peace Committee and a member of the Lenin Award Committee.

Also Mukhtar Auezov was engaged in translations. His work in this field is a great contribution to Kazakh literature. Among them are the following works published in 1918-1952: "Buddha" and "After the ball" by L. Tolstoy, "Horror" by A. Afinogenov, "The Inspector General" by N. Gogol, "Aristocrats" By N. Pogodin, "Othello" by Shakespeare, "Home of the Gentry" by I. Turgenev, etc.

He wrote textbooks, anthologies, ABC for first-graders. Some of the books he wrote himself, others – he co-authored. With the participation of Mukhtar Auezov, numerous voluminous works, scientific and cultural collections were published.

In 1997, UNESCO celebrated the 100th anniversary of the classic of Kazakh literature, master of the word, scientist, public figure, academician of the Academy of Sciences of Kazakhstan, the first Doctor of Philology, Professor, scientist of the Kazakh SSR M. Auezov, who made a great contribution to the development of literature and culture of the Kazakh society of the XX century. The work of the outstanding writer M. Auezov is an invaluable asset of Kazakh literature. Broad-mindedness, deep knowledge and intelligence, the desire for life, hopes for the future, high dreams, humanity distinguished the great writer and scientist.

The book collections of the Library of the First President of the Republic of Kazakhstan - Elbassy contain books of the writer and memoirs of his contemporaries, including the book by Gulnar Omarkhanovna and Amen Aziev "Mukhtar Aga" signed by the authors, which was presented to N. Nazarbayev.

In the memoir-essay "World Auezov" a student of M. Auezov, now a teacher, a prominent scientist, writer Temirbek Kozhakeev published his research on the author’s originality of the great teacher in the field of satire, as well as research by the scientist-writer K. Seydanov about the place of M. Auezov in the literature of Central Asia.

The publication "Auezov and archive" contains archival materials related to the life and creative activity of M. Auezov in the period from 1917 to 1981: articles, correspondence, documents, extracts from reviews about the great writer in Kazakh and Russian languages.

In addition, there are author's books by Mukhtar Auezov: the epic novel "The Path of Abai", a collection of short stories "Day of the defenseless", "Qıly zaman" and the book "About literature".